Today marks the anniversary of the Martial Law declared not just by President Ferdinand Marcos but also by President Jose Laurel! Anyways, those declarations were in the distant past. And Filipinos always forget. Here's a brief historical background of martial law in the Philippines:
- President Jose P. Laurel declared martial law in September 21, 1944 through Proclamation No. 29 during the Second Philippine Republic under Japan.
- President Ferdinand E. Marcos also signed Proclamation 1081 on September 21, 1972 declaring the country under martial law to eradicate communist takeover. Some assassination attempts were staged by the government to justify the proclamation.
- President Gloria M. Arroyo signed Proclamation 1959 declaring Maguindanao under the state of martial law. Arroyo also imposed the State of National Emergency (considered by critics as a prelude to martial rule) in February 2006 to crush a coup d'etat led by Senator Trillanes and a possible staging of another people power in Manila.